26 January – A Legacy Of India:
Yes, it is “A Legacy Of India” because Every year the 26th of January is celebrated in INDIA as “REPUBLIC DAY”. It is said that it was on this day that the “Constitution of India” came into existence. All the Indians celebrate this day by hoisting the Indian “National Flag”, performing parades, and showing different cultures of India through rallies along the broad Rajpath avenue in New Delhi. And singing our National Anthem “Jana Gana Mana”. Now we’ll take a look at Republic Day.
In India, Republic Day is celebrated every year on the 26th of January. It is celebrated after 1950 when our nation became a sovereign, secular, socialist, and democratic republic. This replaced the Government Of India Act 1935 as the governing document of India. This day is considered to be a national holiday across the nation. On this very day, our Constitution came into existence though it was formed on “the 26th of November 1949”.
So we celebrate 26th November as Constitution Day every year. On this day India transformed from a British Dominion into an independent constitutional republic.
January 26 was chosen as the date for Republic Day as it was on this day in 1930 when the declaration of “Indian Independence” was proclaimed by “The Indian National Congress”. The Indian Independence Act (July 1947) transferred legislative authority to the Constituent Assembly, which established a committee, chaired by the law minister Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, to draft the constitution.
The Drafting Committee conducted an analysis of Constitutions over 60 Countries before finalizing the final draft of the Indian constitution. Our constitution is single-handedly written by “Prem Behari Narain Raizada”, a master of Calligraphy. It guarantees the Indian citizens Justice, Equality, and Liberty and endeavors to promote Fraternity, through Fundamental Rights.
Celebrations for Republic Day
The main Republic Day celebration is Held in the National Capital, New Delhi, at the Rajpath before the President of India with The Prime Minister.
THE PARADE OF DELHI
The morning of every January 26 starts with the Delhi Parade, which is actually the most important thing in India. It happens on the broad Rajpath Avenue in New Delhi, organized by the Ministry of Defense. This three-day event, which begins at the gates of the Rashtrapati Bhawan (the President’s residence) and ends at Raisina Hill on the Rajpath past the India Gate, is the main attraction of India’s Republic Day celebrations.
The parade showcases India’s defense capability and cultural and social heritage, which includes a rally from all the different parts of India. The rallies highlight India’s diverse cultures and the theme that, despite our diverse cultures, we are one nation. Nine to twelve different regiments of the Indian Army, in addition to the Navy and Air Force, with their bands, march past in all their finery and official decorations.
The “President of India,” who is also the “Commander-in-Chief” of the Indian Armed Forces, takes the salute. Twelve contingents of various paramilitary forces and police forces from India also take part in this parade.
BEATING RETREAT CEREMONIES
After the Republic Day celebrations have been declared officially over, the “Beating Retreat” ritual is held. On January 29, the third day after Republic Day, in the evening, it is held. The bands from the Indian Army, Indian Navy, and Indian Air Force, the country’s three military branches, perform it. The location is Raisina Hill and Vijay Chowk, a nearby area flanked by the north and south blocks of Rashtrapati Bhavan (President’s Palace) near Rajpath’s terminus.
The President of India is the main guest at the event, and he or she is accompanied by the President’s Bodyguard (PBG), a cavalry troop. The PBG commander requests the unit to render the National Salute when the President arrives, and the Army then plays the Indian National Anthem, Jana Gana Mana.
The Army creates the massed band display ceremony, in which Military Bands, Pipe and Drum Bands, Buglers, and Trumpeters from various Army Regiments, as well as bands from the Navy and Air Force, participate and play well-known songs like Abide With Me, Mahatma Gandhi’s favorite hymn, and Saare Jahan Se Achha at the conclusion.
Since Republic Day is for the Indian Constitution here are:
SOME BASIC FACTS ABOUT “OUR CONSTITUTION”
- The Constitution of India is the supreme law of India. It was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on November 26, 1949, and came into effect on January 26, 1950.
- The Constitution of India is the longest-written constitution of any sovereign country in the world, with a total of 448 articles and 12 schedules.
- The Constitution of India provides for a federal system of government, with powers and functions divided between the central government and the states.
- The Constitution of India guarantees certain fundamental rights to all citizens, including the right to equality, freedom of speech and expression, and the right to life and personal liberty.
- The Constitution of India also provides for the establishment of an independent judiciary, with the Supreme Court of India at the top of the judicial hierarchy.
- The Constitution of India establishes a parliamentary system of government, with the President of India serving as the head of state and the Prime Minister of India serving as the head of government.
- The Constitution of India provides for the establishment of a federal system of public service commissions at the national and state levels, to ensure the selection of competent and unbiased officials for public service.
- The Constitution of India guarantees the right to freedom of religion, and prohibits discrimination on the basis of religion.
- The Constitution of India provides for the promotion of the official language of the Union, Hindi, and the protection and development of other languages spoken in India.
- The Constitution of India can be amended by a two-thirds majority vote in both houses of Parliament, and the approval of at least half of the state legislatures. However, certain fundamental provisions of the Constitution cannot be amended.
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