14th January : A spiritual and festive day for India: India is a land of cultures. Every state of the Country has its own beauty, culture and language.
This day is actually a fun day for everyone as there are many rituals of this day, starting with the puja of Surya Devta, which is the mandatory thing as told earlier.
It is a hindu festival dedicated to Lord Surya (sun). On this day the Sun enters the Capricorn Zodiac which corresponds with the month of January as per the Gergorian calendar.
Makar Sankranti with this name is celebrated in many parts of India like in the North-Eastern parts( like UP, Bihar, Jharkhand) , North-Western parts (like Gujrat, Rajasthan).
Pongal is one of the most popular harvest festivals of South India mainly of TAMIL NADU. This festival got its name from the delicious dish “pongal”
The 1st day of the festival is called Bhogi Pongal, 2nd day is called Surya Pongal ,on 3rd we have Mattu Pongal and some even celebrate the 4th day as Kaanum Pongal.
The other festive celebrations in this festival call for Mattu Pongal day. On this day Gau Mata(cow) is worshiped and she is called “Madu”.
Maghi is a festival celebrated in Punjab, Haryana, Jammu Division and Himachal Pradesh. This festival is the same as Makar Sankranti .
In some areas of Himachal Pradesh, Maghi is also known as Magha Ra Saza. Magh is a month dedicated to the worship of Agni Devta because it is the coldest month in the highlands
The event was observed and stated by Guru Amar Das, the third Guru of Sikhism before this custom to remember the Sikh martyrs who gave their life to safeguard the tenth Guru began.